This video gives an overview of boccia.


The basics of the game

From a seated position, players propel balls to land as close as possible to a white marker ball, known as the jack. Two sides compete as individuals, pairs or as a team of three over a set number of ends (four ends for individuals and pairs, and six for teams).

Each side plays six balls (red or blue) each end. After each end, the athlete, pair or team with the ball closest to the jack receives 1 point plus an additional point for each ball closer to the jack than their opponent's. Points are accumulated over the course of a match to find a winner. Although simple to get started, the tactics of the sport offer both tension and excitement as the game plays out.

Balls can be rolled down a ramp, thrown or kicked. If a player is unable to release the ball with their hands, they can use assistive devices, such as a head pointer.

For more detail and further information, see our rules of the game page.


What equipment do I need?

You can give boccia a go at home without any specialist equipment - you can use household items such as tennis balls or rolled up socks!

If you want to play a game, you'll need a set of boccia balls, which consists of six red balls, six blue balls and one white jack ball.

For players who are unable to throw or kick, a ramp (assistive device) is required. A head pointer may also be used with a ramp.

Clubs or groups will also need officiating equipment, including a measure and a paddle (red/blue indicator).

This equipment is available in our online shop.

Boccia is played on a flat, smooth surface, usually indoors, with a court the size of a badminton court (12.5 x 6m). Most venues don't have a boccia court laid out so you can use court tape to mark out the court. Please download our boccia court markings guide for more information.


Where can I play boccia?

There are boccia clubs all around the country and many schools and colleges are also embracing the sport.

We run a range of competitions around the country, for players with all disabilities.