The Rules Of Boccia
Boccia is an attack and defend game, with two sides competing over a set number of ends. The aim is to score as many points as possible by placing their set of coloured balls closest to the white ‘Jack’ ball.
- A ball can be propelled by rolling, throwing or kicking.
- If a player is unable to throw or kick it, they can use a ‘ramp’ (assistive device).
- If they are unable to release the ball with their hands players can use a head pointer.
- All players must be seated during the game.
- Singles and pair matches are four ends and team matches are six ends.
- An end consists of all 13 balls being propelled onto court (the Jack, 6 Red and 6 Blue).
- Each side can have 1, 2 or 3 players (singles, pairs or team match).
- Decided using a coin toss, the winning player/captain chooses to be red or blue.
- Both sides must occupy a designated box on the court from where balls are propelled.
- The red side always begins the first end by propelling the jack into court.
- In a pairs or team match each player propels the jack onto court in turn.
- In a singles match both players will alternate twice.
- The player who propels the jack ball also propels their team’s first coloured ball.
- A player from the opposite side then propels their first coloured ball.
- The side not closest to the jack plays until they get closer, or run out of balls.
- The end is complete when all balls from both sides have been propelled.
- One point is awarded for every ball of the same colour, which is closest to the jack.
The full set of rules are available in the Resources section, or can be obtained by calling the Boccia England office on 0115 967 8455.